Download this icon to link to The Chicago Manual of Style Online from your site. En Dashes, Em Dashes. Display All Answers. Q. Ive come across a book that uses the slash () between coequal nouns, as in the JonesSmith team, or the BrownGreen work association.
Is the slash acceptable or should a hyphen be used? The Australian government Style Manual says: Hanging (or floating) hyphens are sometimes used to connect two words to a base word or number that they share: pre or post1945 full and parttime positions.
While this form of hyphen can be useful in condensed prose, it is also potentially ambiguous. Spaces are not placed between a hyphen and either of the elements it connects except when using a suspended or" hanging" hyphen that stands in for a repeated word (e.
g.nineteenth and twentiethcentury writers). Style conventions that apply to hyphens (and dashes) have evolved to support ease of reading in complex constructions; editors I vote hyphen, myself, but Ive been called to account and could find neither backup nor smackdown in the Chicago Manual. A. Okay, heres the smackdown from CMOS: Youre overdoing it. No hyphens. The Chicago Manual of Style advises: When the second part of a hyphenated expression is omitted, the hyphen is retained, followed by a word space.
The hanging hyphen sets the reader up to expect a series of hyphenated The Australian Commonwealth Style manual says: Hanging (or floating) hyphens are sometimes used to connect two words to a base word or number that they share: pre or post1945 full and parttime positions. While this form of hyphen can be useful in condensed prose, it is also potentially ambiguous.
Doesnt the em dash usually get grouped with the en dash and the hyphen? Or, less commonly, with the comma, the colon, and the parenthesis? Sure. . but those set you up for a discussion on usage, not style. Ask the Editor: When and how do I use hyphens and dashes? This is a column by Kira McFadden Sixteenth Edition state the rules for using different kinds of dashes and hyphens.
The Manual of Style explains the differences between the hyphen and four types of dashes. Whats the Difference Between Dashes and Hyphens?
Grammarly. Basics. A hyphen () is a punctuation mark thats used to join words or parts of words. Its not interchangeable with other types of dashes.
But when youre not sure whether a compound word should have a hyphen or not, check a dictionary or style guide. Hyphenated words The hyphen connects words, prefixes, and suffixes permanently or temporarily.
Certain compound words always contain hyphens. Such hyphens are called orthographic. Hyphens and Dashes Quiz by Laura King, MA, ELS Directions: Edit the following sentences based on your understanding of section 8. 3 of the AMA Manual of Style. Suspended Hyphens. By Judy Vorfeld Here are more examples (NOTE: someone with an eagle eye noticed that there was an en dash after some words rather than a hyphen however they dont appear as WordsPhrases Desktop Publishing Formatting Grammar Tips Homonyms Internet Trends Possessives Punctuation Small Business Spelling Style